Consistent, and progressive muscular training is the best way to increase muscle size(also known as hypertrophy) and strength). It’s also important to understand that building and sustaining muscle requires energy. Your body will not build additional muscle mass unless your caloric intake can sustain more muscle mass. If you are committed to increasing muscle mass, it is worth considering working with a registered dietitian to review the number of calories and distribution of macronutrients in your diet. Adequate nutrition combined with muscular training will help you build and maintain more muscle.
The following back-exercise recommendations are divided into three general sections of muscle groups: upper, middle and lower. No group is more important than the other, so be sure to include exercises for each group. Increasing muscle size through progressive muscular training means stronger back muscles with an increased work capacity.
Upper-back and Mid-back Muscles
Muscle
Action
Upper trapezius
Elevates shoulders
Rhomboid minor
Elevates and brings shoulder blades together
Levator scapulae
Elevates the shoulders
Mid-low trapezius
Draws shoulder blades together and down
Rhomboid major
Puuls SHoulder blades together
Latissimus dorsi
Pulls arms down and toward the body
 
Low-back Muscles
Muscle
Action
Erector spinae
Extends the spine
Quadratus lumborum
Bends the spine from side to side
 
Recommended Exercises
Upper and mid-back:
Lat pull-down (wide hand position targets latissimus dorsi; narrow hand position increases biceps engagement)

 

 
Mid-back:

 
Mid-back and low-back:
Woman performing a trainer row on a suspension cable.
 

 

 
Low-back:
Stability ball back extension

 

 
Recommended Repetition Scheme
Since the goal here is to build muscle, the repetition scheme should be at least six to 12 reps of three to six sets of each exercise. It’s a good idea to start with lighter weights and fewer sets and work up to more sets using heavier weights over time. Be sure to plan one week of movement recovery or “de-load” every five to six weeks to ensure you can continue to see improvement in your strength and muscle hypertrophy. Going all out for too long can cause overtraining, overuse, staleness, and plateaus.
How to Add These Exercises to Your Current Routine
 
The goal of a healthy muscular training routine should be to strengthen the whole body. Some people like to divide their days into specific body parts, while others like to work the entire body every workout. No matter what your preference may be, take an exercise from each part of the back sections shared above and incorporate them into your routine. If you focus on the back for one day, add as many of these exercises as possible to one session per week. If you prefer to work your full body each session, make sure you are sprinkling in one or two of these exercises each time you work out.
When adding new exercises to your fitness routine, consider consulting a personal trainer for a session to observe your form. Now get moving and enjoy incorporating these exercises into your workouts to build a strong back that you can count on to support your posture and prevent injury.

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