FinTech is a challenging industry for any discipline, but especially so for UX designers. FinTech design requires designers to study financial regulations, which could differ between states and countries. These financial regulations are often detailed and extensive, meaning lots of reading before designers can even begin a project.This article explores the basics of FinTech product design, including best practices to ensure your products are user-friendly, compliant, and provide maximum value to your customers.Whether you’re a FinTech startup designing a cryptocurrency product or an established multinational looking to revolutionize its mobile banking app, UXPin provides UX designers with a sophisticated code-based design tool to prototype and test with higher fidelity and functionality. Sign up for a free trial to explore all of UXPin’s advanced code-based features.What is FinTech?FinTech (Financial Technology) describes a market sector that produces financial technology products and services. These financial products include applications, APIs, or even algorithms that seek to innovate and improve the industry.What are examples of FinTech?Here are some FinTech examples:Check out Insider Intelligence’s article on FinTech startups for more FinTech examples.Fintech UX Design Challenges1. The Challenge of ComplianceRegulatory compliance is one of the biggest FinTech design challenges. If you’re designing a product for multiple countries or a global audience, your designs might change for each market to comply with different laws.For example, regulations like Anti-Money Laundering (AML) and Know Your Customer (KYC) have detailed protocols which impact onboarding and user flows. These regulations add extra layers of complexity relating to user identification, privacy, fraud prevention, accessibility, and even terrorism, to name a few.To complicate things further, states and countries update these laws or introduce new ones regularly, meaning UX researchers and designers must revise designs to maintain compliance–which could disrupt the product roadmap or UX strategy.2. Meeting Customer ExpectationsAside from regulation, user experience designers also have to overcome customer expectations from legacy banking and financial services. For example, many neobanks don’t have physical branches for customers, so the app must provide tools and features that replicate the in-person experience.3. Embracing Product ComplexityAnother challenge for FinTech design is the product complexity and how UX designers create a cohesive ecosystem. Something Forbes refers to as a “switch from fragmentation to ecosystem.”Traditional banking and financial providers have different departments working on each product—for example, credit, cheque, savings, mortgage, loans, etc. Design teams risk designing fragmented products rather than a holistic ecosystem with a seamless customer experience without proper communication and collaboration.Security ProtocolsFinTech security protocols impact UX workflows and how designers conduct, share, store, and analyze research. UX teams must comply with various security protocols, like ISO-27001 and ISO-27002.UX designers must also encourage users to adopt safe practices, like secure passwords, not sharing OTPs (One Time Pins), or being cautious with text and email links.8 FinTech App Design Tips1. Clean UI DesignClean, minimal UIs are essential for any digital product, but more so for FinTech designs which must often make space for disclaimers, policy links, and other required information. Progressive disclosure is a popular strategy for designing complex FinTech UIs. UX designers only display critical and required content to users with additional information “hidden” behind tooltips, dropdowns, accordions, modals, and other UX patterns.Using a progressive disclosure approach helps designers create clean UIs while providing users with content when they need it.2. Clear and Simple LanguageFinancial products and services are notoriously difficult to understand, with terms and conditions too long and complicated for most people to comprehend.Simplifying language and providing users with clear expectations are crucial for FinTech product design. It also helps build trust with users who may not understand financial jargon or the implications.For example, a credit application could affect a user’s credit score. UX designers must explain this and other critical information within the constraints of a mobile screen, usually in a few bullet points.3. AccessibilityAccessibility is essential for any digital product, but it’s especially crucial for FinTech designs. In countries like Norway and Australia, products must meet Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0 level AA standard. This article from PowerMapper provides a list of countries and their relevant accessibility requirements.4. Helpful VisualizationsVisualizing data helps users digest and understand information quicker. UX designers can also use colors to separate figures, like income vs. outgoings.5. Use Appropriate KeypadsCompleting forms on a mobile device requires users to switch between numbers, letters, and special characters. FinTech forms are typically longer than other digital products, with more fields for users to complete.UX designers can streamline this process by telling mobile devices which keypad to use, including:Number-first keypadDate pickerEmail field (ensures @ and .com appear on default)6. Use Descriptive, Helpful CTAsThere must be no misunderstanding about what will happen when a user clicks a CTA. For example, if someone is completing a loan application, the form’s CTA must “Apply” rather than the usual “Submit” or “Send.”7. Help, Don’t HinderSadly it’s still common to see digital products hiding features that allow customers to cancel or downgrade a service. UX designers must always seek to help users complete tasks, including those that would enable customers to end a subscription or opt-out.There might be clear guidelines for opting out of paid services in some jurisdictions, so always ensure your designs meet regulations and best practices.8. Optimize for MobileMany users (especially under 30s) want to complete tasks on their mobile, either through a mobile application or browser. If your FinTech product doesn’t have a mobile application, ensure the website/web app is optimized for mobile users, providing the same experience as desktop.If you have a mobile application, make sure users can complete the same tasks as they would using a desktop. Many products limit what users can do via a mobile app which can cause frustration or have negative implications–like not being able to downgrade a service or canceling a recurring payment.Overcoming Common FinTech Usability ChallengesHere are some common FinTech UX scenarios and how to overcome them. We’ve taken these examples from Google’s UX Playbook for Finance.Educating & Converting UsersOne of the challenges designers face is educating users about complex financial products while getting them to convert. Here are some recommendations for a typical mobile onboarding flow:Use bullet points to summarize your offering and regulatory informationKeep value proposition above the fold with CTA to reduce scrolling and increase the likelihood of conversionReiterate value proposition at the top of onboarding formsInclude social proof (TrustPilot widget) to build credibility and trustUse clear CTAs, i.e., “Sign up and Get Quotations.”Prefill form fields when an existing user applies for a new product or serviceUse progress bars to show users where they are in the processDisplaying Large Amounts of DataFinTech products often have to display lots of data on a single screen, especially challenging on mobile devices with limited real estate. Here are some recommendations to help maximize space and reduce cognitive load:Ensure primary CTAs standout with descriptive labelsUse outline/ghost buttons for secondary CTAsUse color and consistent spacing to separate contentCreate a clear distinction between headings and body copyUse an easy-to-read, legible typefaceHide secondary content behind carousels, accordions, and tooltipsStreamlining Long FormsFinTech products often have to collect a lot of personal information to comply with legislation. These forms can take a long time and could appear overwhelming to users. Here are some tips to streamline long forms:Tell users how long you predict it will take to complete the form at the beginning to manage expectations.Divide your form into sections and separate these into steps (make sure users can easily navigate forward and backward at all times).Use progress indicators to show how much users must still complete.Only ask for the information required to complete the application. Avoid redundant fields like the person’s title, gender, and race that aren’t irrelevant to financial institutions.Don’t use dropdown menus for fewer than three options. A radio or checkbox makes for quicker selection.Allow users to save progress to return when they have time.Use numeric keypads for appropriate fields (date of birth, contact numbers, US zip codes, credit card numbers, etc.)Provide helpful placeholders and error messages to guide users. Error messages must have clear, actionable instructions for users to fix the problem.How PayPal Builds Products 8X Faster With UXPin MergePayPal is one of the world’s largest payment platforms supporting 25 currencies in over 200 countries. In 2019, PayPal’s internal product development team started using UXPin Merge, which helped them scale design and deliver products 8X faster.What is Merge?Merge is a design technology that allows orgs to sync a component library to UXPin’s editor, so designers can build prototypes using fully functioning coded UI elements that developers use to at the production stage.How Did Merge Work for PayPal?PayPal uses Merge to sync Microsoft’s Fluent design system with UI controls. With everything pre-configured through each React component’s props, PayPal’s product designers can drag and drop these components to build new user interfaces.PayPal’s UX team provides mentoring and support to product teams who complete 90% of designing, prototyping, and testing before design handoffs. Work that used to take an experience UX designer a whole day to finish takes a product manager less than ten minutes–with significantly higher fidelity and functionality.These prototypes include fully functioning graphs and data visualizations, sorting filters, real data, dynamic user experiences, and other functionality the team couldn’t achieve using image-based prototypes.Not only do Merge prototypes improve usability testing for PayPal, but stakeholders can engage with prototypes without guidance or explanation. “One of the significant impacts of UXPin Merge is our ability to create higher fidelity prototypes. There’s a lot more confidence from everyone (including designers, C-suite, directors, and developers) about what the final product will look like, the user experience, and interactivity—giving us higher quality feedback from stakeholders.” Erica Rider, Senior Manager for UX – Developer tools and platform experience at PayPal If UXPin Merge can revolutionize the workflows of one of the world’s biggest FinTech organizations, imagine what this code-based technology could do for your business! Sign up for a free trial to discover UXPin Merge through our MUI React library integration.